No Brasil, há um grupo de 12 times de futebol chamados os Doze Grandes. Este grupo é formado pelos clubes brasileiros que mais campeonatos e torneios ganharam, sendo os clubes mais populares e de maior sucesso no Brasil.
Antes de mais nada, precisamos entender um pouco melhor sobre a paixão brasileira pelo futebol. Embora a Inglaterra tenha inventado o futebol, há um ditado muito popular no Brasil, no qual nos referimos à nossa pátria como o “país do futebol”.
O Brasil é o único país a fazer parte de todas as competições de Copa do Mundo já realizadas. É também o único país a ganhar a Copa do Mundo cinco vezes. A maioria das pessoas considera Pelé, um jogador de futebol brasileiro, o melhor jogador de futebol de todos os tempos – a FIFA elegeu Pelé Jogador do Século durante uma cerimônia em 2000. Tudo isso ajuda quando se trata da questão de os brasileiros serem loucos por futebol.
Após a Copa do Mundo da FIFA 1950, a mídia começou a cobrir mais o futebol, elogiando os ídolos e divulgando jogos e campeonatos. Também durante a década de 50, o Brasil estava passando por uma grande fase econômica e o governo construiu muitos campos de futebol ao redor do país. Durante os anos 90, os jogadores brasileiros começaram não apenas a jogar no exterior, mas foram um enorme sucesso, especialmente na Europa.
Hoje em dia, é impossível separar o futebol da cultura brasileira. Os brasileiros não discutem futebol somente durante os 90 minutos de jogo, mas é um tópico de conversa para amigos, família e mídia durante todo o ano. O próprio futebol é responsável pelas implicações sociais, políticas, culturais e econômicas em todo o país.
Vamos aprender um pouco mais sobre os Doze Grandes, os maiores clubes brasileiros:
Fundado em 1908, o Atlético Mineiro é o clube de futebol ativo mais antigo do estado de Minas Gerais. Eles venceram 44 campeonatos estaduais entre 1915 e 2017; dois campeonatos nacionais (Campeonato Brasileiro em 1971 e Copa do Brasil em 2014); e um CONMEBOL Libertadores em 2013. O Atlético utiliza as cores preto e branco para seus uniformes e logotipo. Além disso, sua mascote é um galo, ao qual o clube é frequentemente referido como tal. De acordo com o site do Atlético Mineiro, o clube tem mais de 9 milhões de torcedores em todo o Brasil.
Botafogo is one of the Brazilian clubs from Rio de Janeiro. It is often referred to as the Lonely Star, because of its logo, and ‘o Glorioso‘ (‘the glorious’) because of the success of yore. The club was founded in 1894 as a rowing team. However, the first football team was put together in 1904. Botafogo won its first state championship in 1907 and 18 others after that. Botafogo also won 2 national championships, in 1968 and 1995. The colors black and white represent the club and their mascot is ‘Manequinho‘, a little boy. Botafogo’s biggest idol was Garrincha, who played for the club from 1953 until 1965.
In 1910 a group of workers from São Paulo founded Sport Club Corinthians Paulista. Supporters and the media also call the club ‘Timão‘ (‘big team’). The club won 36 state championships between 1914 and 2019; ten national championships; one CONMEBOL Libertadores in 2012; and two FIFA Club World Cups in 2000 and 2012. According to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Corinthians has 29 million supporters in Brazil, being one of the biggest Brazilian clubs in number of fans. Corinthian’s mascot is a musketeer.
Cruzeiro is another club coming from the state of Minas Gerais. Their first match took place in 1921. By then, the club used to compete under the name Società Sportiva Palestra Italia. Their mascot is the fox and the club’s color is blue. Cruzeiro and Atlético Mineiro are longtime rivals, being the biggest clubs of Minas Gerais. Cruzeiro won several championships during the years, including 38 state championships, 10 national championships (four Campeonatos Brasileiros and six Copas do Brasil) and two CONMEBOL Libertadores, in 1976 and 1997. Footballer Ronaldo Fenômeno started his professional career playing for Cruzeiro in 1993.
Not only the club with most supporters in Brazil, but Flamengo also has the biggest fan base in the world — 33 million supporters, according to FIFA. Based in Rio de Janeiro, they are also the richest football club in Brazil. Just like Botafogo, Flamengo initiated his history as a rowing club in 1895. Eventually, the official football team started playing in 1912. Flamengo’s mascot is the vulture and its colors are red and black, usually presented in stipes. Flamengo won 35 state championships between 1914 and 2019; nine national championships (six Campeonatos Brasileiros and three Copas do Brasil); and two CONMEBOL Libertadores in 1981 and 2019. Flamengo’s biggest idol and most famous football player is Zico.
Fluminense is the oldest football club in Rio de Janeiro, founded in 1902. Their three colors, green, white and dark red, are a big representation of the club. Fluminense and Flamengo are responsible for the biggest rivalry matches in Rio de Janeiro. Their matches are called Fla-Flu. Fluminense has won 31 state championships and five national titles (Campeonato Brasileiro in 1970, 1984, 2010 and 2012 and Copa do Brasil in 2007). The word ‘fluminense‘ in Portuguese is a demonym for people that are born in the State of Rio de Janeiro.
Grêmio is a Brazilian professional football club based in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, in the south of Brazil. Its rivalry with Internacional is considered one of the most heated in the world, and the matches are known as ‘Grenal’. Grêmio won 38 state championships between 1921 and 2019; seven national championships and three CONMEBOL Libertadores. The club was founded in 1903. Its colors are blue, white and black and its mascot is the musketeer, just like Corinthians in São Paulo. Renato Gaúcho is Gremio’s biggest idol, he played for the club from 1982 until 1987. He is the current head coach for the club.
The Poppe brothers founded Sport Club Internacional in Rio Grande do Sul in 1909. Internacional’s supporters call the club ‘Colorado‘, in reference to their red color. During the ’70s, Internacional won the state championship eight times in a row and won the national championship in 1979 without losing a single game. Because of this, their fanbase calls this era ‘the golden decade’. Internacional’ titles include 45 state championships; 4 national championships; two CONMEBOL Libertadores and a FIFA Club World Cups in 2006. The media considers Internacional one of the most successful Brazilian clubs in recent years.
Palmeiras was founded in São Paulo in 1914 as Palestra Italia but changed the official name to Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras in 1942. Its colors are green and white. Palmeiras has a great rivalry with Corinthians, even serving as a plot for the Brazilian movie Romeo and Juliet Get Married. Among the championships Palmeiras holds are 22 state championships, 13 national championships, and one CONMEBOL Libertadores.
Santos is well-known for discovering worldwide famous football players, such as Neymar, Robinho, and Pelé — the last one considered the Athlete of the Century. Founded in 1912, Santos plays in State of São Paulo’s premier league. The club is also known as ‘peixe‘ (fish), because of its mascot. In the year 2000, FIFA elected Santos the 5th biggest football club in the 20th century. Santos won 22 state championships, 9 national championships (eight Campeonatos Brasileiros and one Copa do Brasil), and three CONMEBOL Libertadores, the last one in 2011.
São Paulo is the most successful club in Brazil in terms of international titles, they have 12 of them between FIFA Club World Cups and continental championships. The club also won the state championship three times in a row on six different occasions. Founded in 1930, São Paulo is a relatively young club compared to the traditional Brazilian clubs. But even so, São Paulo won 21 state championships, 6 national championships, three CONMEBOL Libertadores and one FIFA Club World Cup. Saint Paul is the club’s mascot.
Portuguese immigrants founded Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama in 1898. Initially, the club competed in rowing, but in 1915 Vasco implemented the football department. The Portuguese community in Rio de Janeiro is still a strong fanbase for Vasco nowadays. The Cross pattée represented in Vasco’s logo is a huge part of the club. Vasco won 24 state championships and 5 national championships (Campeonato Brasileiro in 1974, 1989, 1997 and 2000, and Copa do Brasil in 2011).